Monday, May 31, 2010

Oracle Apps Interview Questions

Oracle Apps Interview Questions
Written by Sudhakar Mani
Monday, 13 April 2009 09:03
List of Oracle Apps Interview questions. Try your hand in answering these questions through
comments section. Best answer with your name will be updated in the content section
periodically.
{tab=Basic Questions}
{slide=1)What is a responsibility?}
Responsibility is a collection of different modules that the user is to access .
{/slide}
{slide=2)How many responsibilities can be defined for a Module?}
unlimited
{/slide}
{slide=3)Can a responsibility be assigned to multiple users?}
yes
{/slide}
{slide=4)What are the components of a responsibility?}
Menu
Data Group
Request Group
{/slide}
{slide=5)What is a data group?}
It is an integration of one or more modules for
Cross application reference,
Cross application transferring,
Cross application report.
{/slide}
{slide=6)What are the component servers in Oracle Applications architecture?}
A: NETWORK TIER
Browser,
APPLICATION SERVER
Apache server,
Internet application server,
Form server,
Report server,
Concurrent manager server
DATABASE TIER
.dbf file
{/slide}
{slide=7) Is it mandatory to have a reports server?}
yes ,it is necessary to run the reports
{/slide}
{slide=8)Can modules of two data groups be merged?}
No.
{/slide}
{slide=9)What is the name of the seeded datagroup that is provided by applications?}
A: Standard
Multiple Reporting Currencies
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{/slide}
{slide=10)What is a security group?}
Security Group ,groups the forms and functionality of an application into logical
menu structures that will appear in the Navigator
{/slide}
{slide=11)Which table captures the datagroup definition?}
FND_DATAGROUPS
{/slide}
{slide=12)Which software component converts .fmx file into a java class file?}
A:
{/slide}
{slide=13)What is Flint60.exe ?}
We use the Oracle Applications upgrade utility, flint60, on the Oracle Forms 6i .fmb file
to apply changes that help your form to obey the rule of Release 11i standards.
The changes flint60 makes to your form (in upgrade mode) are listed in
a detailed .html log file. These changes may include:
• Converting most boilerplate to associated prompts for items or
frames
• Converting lines and boxes to frames
• Setting certain property classes or individual properties for
objects as appropriate (for example, lists of values have the
property class set to LOV if it is not already set)
• Adjusting y-coordinate alignments of fields if they are slightly
offset from character-cell boundaries (for example, old
display-only text items did not use bevels and were previously
offset to make them line up with fields that had bevels, but now
the display-only text items also use bevels)
• Replacing access key property settings with ampersands in labels
(for example, a label of ”Charge” with a separate access key
property setting of ”h” becomes ”C&harge” and the access key
setting is removed)
The flint60 utility also checks for certain other conditions including:
• database items whose maximum length does not match the
length of the corresponding database column
• library attachments with a hardcoded path or .pll extension
{/slide}
{slide=14)What are the mandatory steps in Application Development process?}
Create the application directory structure in prodappl directory
Register the application using AOL(Application Object Library)
Create a database user for new module
Grant Roles
Register Database user with AOL(Application Object Library)
Create tables,views,sequence,program unit etc
Create its public synonyms in apps schema
Register all the database object with AOL(Application Object Library)
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Oracle Apps Interview Questions
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Create form using form builder
Compile the form and copy the .fmx file into module specific product directory
Register all the forms with AOL module
Create form function and assign form to form function
Define a new menu for the module
Assign form function to menu
Define a Data group in System Administration module
Create a responsibility for a new module
Assign Menu,Data Group to the Responsibility
Create a user
Assign Responsibility to the user
Modify prod.env in appl_top
Set APPLFULL
Set Path
Run prod.cmd in appl_top from Server
{/slide}
{slide=15)What is the difference between a public and a private synonym?}
Only user can access private synonym,
any user on the database can access public synonym
{/slide}
{slide=16)What are the database objects that are registered with Oracle Applications?}
Tables,Sequence and Views.
{/slide}
{slide=17) What happens if the registration information of a database object mismatches with
the object structure?}
A:
{/slide}
{slide=18)What are the types of functions in AOL?}
A: form function and non form function
{/slide}
{slide=19)What are different types of menus that can be defined In AOL?}
A: Global Menu
Standard Menu
{/slide}
{slide=20)how many types of users can be defined in System Administration?}
A: Employee
Customer
Supplier
{/slide}
{slide=21)What is the difference between a view and a materialised view?}
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A:
{/slide}
{slide=22)Can materialised views be registered with AOL?}
A:
{/slide}
{slide=23)Multiple functions can be defined on the Same form?}
A: yes.
{/slide}
{slide=24)What is the significance of basepath that is specified at the point of application }
development?
A: the base path in env file helps the oracle apps to search the form,reports or program at
an appropriate place.
{/slide}
{slide=25)What is the environment variable that has to be modified in application development }
process?
A: appl_top
Appl_full
{/slide}
{slide=26)Can you draw the directory structure of a specific product?}
A: prodappltauq11.5.0formsus
reportsus
log
out
{/slide}
{slide=27)What files are stored by the bin subdirectory of a module?}
A: .sh and .exe,.dll file
{/slide}
{slide=28)Can you register SQL * LOADER programs with AOL?}
A: yes, there is an option for sql* loader
{/slide}
{slide=29)How PL/SQL programs are registered with AOL?}
A: 1. create a PL/SQL programs in apps user
2. define the executables in navigation : concurrent>executables
3. assign the executable to the concurrent program in navigation :
concurrent>program>define
4. assign the concurrent program to the request group in navigation:
security>responsibility>request
{/slide}
{slide=30)What are the two mandatory parameters that should be incorporated while writing
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Pl/sql }
programs?
A: errorbuf and retcode.
{/slide}
{slide=31)Can you register out parameters also for a plsql concurrent program?}
A: In pl/sql concurrent program we should define only IN parameter
{/slide}
{slide=32)What is program incompatibility rules?}
A: program incompatibility rules is enforced by comparing program definitions for
Requested programs with those programs already running in an Oracle username
designated as a logical database.
{/slide}
{slide=33) What is a concurrent manager?}
A: concurrent manager A process manager on the Applications database server that
coordinates the concurrent processes generated by users’ concurrent requests.
{/slide}
{slide=34) Can a concurrent manager execute multiple requests at a time?}
A: yes.
{/slide}
{slide=35)What is a request group?}
A: It is a collection of concurrent program ,reports, sets,application, stages.
{/slide}
{slide=36)What is a request set?}
A: Request sets allow you to submit several requests together using multiple execution
paths. A request set is a collection of reports and/or programs that are grouped
together. You can thus submit the reports and/or programs in a request set all at once
using a single transaction.
{/slide}
{slide=37) What is the full form of SRS?}
A: Standard Request Submission
{/slide}
{slide=38) Which files are mandatory for a form development process?}
A: template.fmb
Appstand.fmb
{/slide}
{slide=39) What are the object groups that are used by Template.fmx?}
A: STANDARD_PC_AND_VA
STANDARD_TOOLBARS
STANDARD_CALENDER
STANDARD_FOLDER
QUERY_FIND
{/slide}
{slide=40) What is the name of standard menu used by oracle applications forms design?}
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A: fndmenu.mmx
{/slide}
{slide=41) What is the difference between a property class and visual attribute?}
A: Named visual attribute are the font , colors , and pattern attributes. Whereas property
Class can contain these properties along with the another properties like enable,visible,
wrap style.
We can change the appearance of object at runtime by changing the named
visual attribute programmatically. Whereas property class assignment cannot
be changed programmatically.
{/slide}
{slide=42) What is the purpose of fnd_function.Test ?}
A: This function is used check the registry of the form function.
{/slide}
{slide=43) Can you list 4 important attached libraries for the template.fmb form?}
A: Appcore
Appdaypk
Fndsqf
Appfldr
Custom
Global
{/slide}
{slide=44) What is the significance of AU directory?}
A: Application Utility directory has all the .fmb files of the .fmx files used in Oracle
Application.
{/slide}
{slide=45) What is the name of the environment file that has to be updated in application }
development process?
A: Vis.env,prod.env
{/slide}
{slide=46) What is a token?}
A: For a parameter in an Oracle Reports program, the keyword or parameter appears here.
We substitute the values from oracle apps value set to the report.
{/slide}
{slide=47) Can you define token for pl/sql concurrent programs?}
A: Yes , in parameter form of the registration of the concurrent program.
{/slide}
{slide=48) What is a value set?}
Ans value set A group of values and related attributes you assign to an account segment
or to a descriptive flexfield segment. Values in each value set have the same
maximum length, validation type, alphanumeric option, and so on.
{/slide}
{slide=49) What are the different validation types of a value set?}
Ans There are 8 validation type of value set:
Independent
Dependant
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Table
None
Pair
Special
Translatable Independent
Translatable Dependant
{/slide}
{slide=50) Can a concurrent program be scheduled to run at specific times during a day?}
Ans> Yes.
{/slide}
{tab=Expert}
{slide=1.What are the main tables associated with Purchase Order?}
There are four main tables associated with Purchase Order.
1. PO_HEADERS_ALL
2. PO_LINES_ALL
3. PO_LINE_LOCATIONS_ALL
4. PO_DISTRIBUTIONS_ALL
1. It contains the Header information for the Purchasing documents. We require one row for
each document we create.
Six types of documents that use PO_HEADERS_ALL are
a. RFQ
b. Quotation
c. Standard PO
d. Planned PO
e. Blanket PO
f. Contracts
Important data that are populated in this table are
· Buyer Information
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· Supplier Information
· Brief Notes
· Terms and Conditions
· Status of the document
PO number is Segment1 of PO_HEADERS_ALL
Important columns: PO_HEADER_ID
1. It stores information about each PO lines. We need one row for each line we attach to a
document.
Each row includes
a. LINE NUMBER
b. ITEM NUMBER
c. UNIT
d. PRICE
e. U.O.M
f. QUANTITY
2. It contains the information about PO shipment schedules and Blanket Agreement Price
Breaks.
We need one row for each schedule or price break we attach to a document
Each row includes
· Destination Type
· Requestor Id
· Quantity Ordered and Delivered to Destination
Ø If the distribution corresponds to a Blanket PO release, PO_RELEASE_ID column identifies
this release
Ø We enter distribution information in distribution window accessible through PO window
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CLOSING
THE PURCHASE ORDER
The CLOSED_CODE column exists in the following three tables
1. PO_HEADERS_ALL
2. PO_LINES_ALL
3. PO_LINE_LOCATIONS_ALL
IMPORTANT COLUMNS OF PURCHASING TABLES
PO_HEADERS_ALL
PO_LINES_ALL
PO_LINE_LOCATIONS_ALL
PO_HEADER_ID
SEGMENT1
VENDOR_ID
VENDOR_SITE_ID
SHIP_TO_LOCATION_ID
CURRENCY_CODE
CLOSED CODE
1. OPEN
2. CLOSED
3. FINALLY CLOSED
4. HOLD
5. FREEZE
PO_LINE_ID
CATEGORY_ID
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ITEM_ID
PO_HEADER_ID
QUANTITY
CLOSED_CODE
1. OPEN
2. CLOSED
LINE_LOCATION_ID
SHIP_
TO_LOCATION_ID
PO_HEADER_ID
PO_LINE_ID
QUANTITY_RECEIVED
QUANTITY_ACCEPTED
QUANTITY_REJECTED
CLOSED_CODE
1. OPEN
2. CLOSED FOR INVOICE
3. CLOSED FOR RECEIVING
4. FINALLY CLOSED
{/slide}
{slide=2.What are the different Purchasing modes in Receiving?}
There are three modes
1. ONLINE
2. IMMEDIATE
3. BATCH
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1. ONLINE: Receipts are processed Online. If there are any errors, they are shown on the
FORM itself, and don’t let you IGNORE and PROCEED.
2. IMMEDIATE: Receipts are processed immediately, but no errors are shown. Errors are
recorded in REC_TRANSACTION_INTERFACE table.
3. BATCH: Receipts are processed in batch, but no errors are shown. Errors are recorded in
REC_TRANSACTION_INTERFACE table.
Note: In all the above two cases, it requires Receiving Transaction Processor to be run
periodically.
When you SAVE a Received Data in FORM, which tables are UPDATED?
Ø RCV_SHIPMENT_HEADERS: It contains SUPPLIER shipment header data like Shipment
Date, Supplier Name
Ø RCV_TRANSACTIONS_INTERFACE: It contains RECEIVED data like Item Name, Quantity,
and Receiving location
Ø RCV_SHIPMENT_LINES
Ø MTL_MATERIAL_TRANSACTIONS_TEMP
Ø PO_LINE_LOCATIONS_ALL
Ø PO_DISTRIBUTIONS_ALL
{/slide}
{slide=3.What are the major transactions in RECEIVING?}
Ø Purchase Order Receipts
Ø Internal Requisition Receipts
Ø Inventory Inter-Org Transfer Receipts
Ø Customer Return Receipts {/slide}
{slide=4.What are the different types of Receiving Routing?}
Ø Standard Receipt
Ø Inspection Required
Ø Direct Delivery
Note: The Receipt form is used as Receiving materials against PO on Ordered receipts, Internal
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Requisitions, Inventory Inter-Org Transport and Customer Reports.
RECEIVING OPEN INTERFACE
Ø ROI is a gateway to IMPORT data from Oracle as well as Non-Oracle applications.
Ø The Receipts done through ROI should be processed in Batch mode only.
Ø In ROI, the table which are updated are
1. RCV_HEADER_INTERFACE
2. RCV_TRANSACTION_INTERFACE
Note: Transactions in ROI
Receipts can be done by Direct Delivery or by two steps namely RECEIVED and DELIVER.
This can be determined through AUTO_TRANSACT_CODE_FLAG.
If the value is DELIVERED, the system does a direct delivery into Sub-Inventory and if the value
is RECEIVED, the system only receives the material and the delivery is done by the Receiving
Transaction Form.
IMPORTANT COLUMNS OF RECEIVING TABLES
RCV_HEADERS_INTERFACE
RCV_TRANSACTIONS_INTERFACE
RCV_SHIPMENT_HEADERS
Ø HEADER_INTERFACE_ID
Ø GROUP_ID
Ø RECEIPT_SOURCE_CODE
Ø PROCESSING_STATUS_CODE
Ø TRANSACTION_TYPE
Ø ASN_TYPE
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Ø INTERFACE_TRANSACTION_ID
Ø GROUP_ID
Ø PROCESSING_STATUS_CODE
Ø TRANSACTION_STATUS_CODE
Ø PROCESSING_MODE_CODE
Ø HEADER-INTERFACE_ID
Ø ASN_STATUS
Ø ASN_TYPE
Ø EDI_CONTROL_NUM
NON-SUPPORTED FEATURES OF ROI
Ø Transactions with LOT controls
Ø Transactions with SERIAL controls
Ø Internal Transfer & Sales order
Ø Un-Ordered Receipts
Through which you will be able to see ERROR reports in ROI?
Receiving Interface Errors Report
Data can be loaded into ROI either through flat files or direct SELECT statement. You can see
details of errors from PO_INTERFACE_ERRORS table by joining with
RCV_TRANSACTIONS_INTERFACE table using Interface_id.
{/slide}
{slide=5.What do you mean by PO requisition?}
 PO requisition is a request to purchase materials for individual requirements. Normally
Purchase requisitions are raised by employees or departments.
 Requisitions need approvals. It can be manually created or imported from other system like
Inventory, WIP, MRP, OM etc
TABLES USED WITH REQUISITIONS
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PO_REQUISITIONS_HEADERS_ALL
PO_REQUISITIONS_LINES_ALL
PO_REQ_DISTRIBUTIONS_ALL
The description is the same as PO
OTHER IMPORTANT TABLES USED WITH REQUISITIONS
 PO_VENDORS
 PO_LOOKUP_CODES
 PO_VENDOR_SITES_ALL
 PO_AGENTS
 PO_DOCUMENT_TYPES_ALL_B
 PO_RESCHEDULE_INTERFACE
 MTL_SUPPLY
IMPORTANT FIELDS OF REQUISITION
 REQUISITION_TYPE
 PREPARE
 TOTAL_CURRENCY
 LINE_TYPE
 CATEGORY
 SOURCE DESTINATION TYPE AND ORGANIZATION
ACTIONS PERFORMED WITH REQUISITION
 SAVE
 APPROVE
If you SAVE requisition, the above three tables are populated, while if you APPROVE a
requisition, major tables updated are
 PO_REQUISITION_HEADER
 PO_APPROVAL_LIST_HEADERS
 PO_DOCUMENT_TYPES
CLOSING STATUS OF REQUISITION
 CANCEL
 FINALLY CLOSED
{/slide}
{slide=6.What do you mean by Auto Create?}
Auto Create is a standard functionality provided by Oracle to create PO directly from
Requisitions.
REQUISITIONS IMPORT PROGRAM (RIP)
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 It is a concurrent program, which is used to import requisition from Oracle or Non-Oracle
system.
 Data is first loaded in PO_REQUISITION_ALL table. The RIP can then be run, to import the
records from the interface table as requisition in Oracle Processing.
 RIP creates a requisition line and one or more requisition distribution for each row it finds in
the interface table. It then groups these lines on Requisitions according to parameters defined.
IMPORTANT TABLES
 PO_REQUISITION_INTERFACE_ALL
 PO_REQ_DIST_INTERFACE_ALL
 PO_INTERFACE_ERRORS
IMPORTANT PARAMETERS OF REQUISITION IMPORT PROCESS
a. Import Source
b. Import Batch Id
c. Group By
d. Initiate Approval after Import
REPORTS ASSOCIATED WITH REQUISITIONS IMPORT PROCESS
a. REQUISITION IMPORT RUN REPORT
We are able to view number of requisitions created and number of records in error from this
report.
b. REQUISITION IMPORT EXCEPTIONS REPORT
We can see all rows that fail validation from this report
{/slide}
{slide=7.What do we mean by Sourcing Rule?}
 It defines Inventory Replenishment method for either a Single Organization or for all
Organizations.
 Sourcing rule is used to specify preferred Suppliers, Distributors and manufacturers.
 Use allocation percentage and ranking for multiple sources.
INTERNAL REQUISITIONS
 It is used to obtain materials within the same Organization or different Organization but
within the same set of books.
INVENTORY
MOVE ORDER
 It is a request for Sub-Inventory Transferor account issue.
 When using an account transfer, the actual movement is an issue (not physical transfer)
from one Sub-Inventory to another Sub-Inventory.
{/slide}
{slide=8.What is the difference between Sub-Inventory transfer and Move Order?}
In Sub-Inventory transfer, the material is directly transferred but Move Orders require a
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REQUEST and an APPROVAL.
How many types of Move Orders are there? Describe.
There are 3 (three) types of Move Orders
1. Move Order Requisition
2. Replenishment Move Order
3. Pick Wave Move Order
1. Move Order Requisition: The requisition is a manually generated request for a move order.
We must create a move order requisition. You can generate request for Sub-Inventory transfer
or account transfers. The requisition can optionally go through an Oracle Workflow approval
process before it becomes a Move Order. If no approval process is used, the requisition
becomes a Move Order immediately.
2. Replenishment Move Order: These Move Order are generated by Kanban cards, where the
Pull sequence calls for a Sub-Inventory transfer or by Min-Max planned items, where the item
replacement source is another Sub-Inventory. In this case, the Min-Max or Replenishment
Count Report automatically generates a Move Order. Replenishment Move Order are
pre-approved and ready to be transacted.
3. The Pick release process generates Move Orders to bring the material from its Source
location in stores to a Staging location, which you define as a Sub-Inventory in Oracle Inventory.
This transaction is a Sub-Inventory Transfer.
{/slide}
{slide=9.What are the different steps in Movement Statistics?}
a. Define Movement Statistics Parameters
b. Enter Movement Statistics Information
c. Link Movement Statistics to Invoice
d. Report and Review Movement Statistics
e. Freeze Movement Statistics
OVERVIEW OF INVENTORY TRANSACTIONS
a. A transaction is an Item movement, INTO, WITHIN or OUT OF Inventory
b. A transaction changes the QUANTITY, LOCATION or COST of an Item
c. Oracle Inventory supports a number of pre-defined and User-defined transaction types
d. Every material movement has a corresponding set of accounting transactions that Oracle
Inventory automatically generates
e. A transaction type requires transaction source type and transaction action
{/slide}
{slide=10.What are different Inventory Transactions?}
a. Receive Item INTO an Organization from a GL account number
b. Issue Item FROM an Organization into a GL account number
c. Transfer Items between Sub-Inventories in the same Organization
d. Transfer Items directly between Organizations
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e. Reservation of Items
USE OF MISCELLANEOUS TRANSACTIONS
1. MISCELLANEOUS ISSUE
2. MISCELLANEOUS RECEIPT
3. MISCELLANEOUS SUB-INVENTORY TRANSFER
For all these transactions, no prior PO or REQUISITION is required.
{/slide}
{slide=11.What are different Planning Methods?}
1. Re-Order point Planning
2. Min-Max Planning
3. Sub-Inventory Replenishment Planning
4. Kanban Cards
{/slide}
{slide=12.When should you Order a material?}
We should Order a material, when On-Hand quantity plus Supply minus Demand is less than
Minimum Inventory level. The minimum Inventory level is nothing but a Safety Stock
[On-Hand quantity] + Supply - Demand < Minimum Inventory level RE-ORDER POINT PLANNING  It is a method of determining the size and timing of item replenishment orders.  It requires the following pieces of information a. Safety Stock b. Replenishment Lead Time c. Item Demand d. Order Cost e. Carrying Cost  We can perform Re-Order Point Planning for the Entire Organization. Also we can use Re-Order point planning for items under independent demand  We can specify Re-Order point planning as the Inventory Planning method where we define an Item {/slide} {slide=13.Under what scenario Re-Order Point planning is used?} We can use Re-Order point planning for items that do not need to be controlled very tightly and are not very expensive to carry in Inventory.{/slide} {slide=14.MIN-MAX PLANNING}  It is a method of determining, when or how much to order based on user defined Min and Max levels 17 / 27 Oracle Apps Interview Questions Written by Sudhakar Mani Monday, 13 April 2009 09:03  We can perform Min-Max planning either at Organization level or Sub-Inventory level  MIN-MAX report is run to execute this planning. {/slide} {slide=15.Cycle Counting} It is a periodic counting of individual items throughout the year. High value items are counted more frequently than the low value items Initialization is a process of identifying the items in cycle count. STEPS IN CYCLE COUNTING a. Define cycle count header b. Update cycle count items c. Schedule items to count d. Generate count request e. Enter cycle count f. Approve cycle counts{/slide} {slide=16.USE OF CYCLE COUNT IN ORACLE INVENTORY} a. To reconcile system On-Hand balances with actual counts in Inventory b. Maintain control over higher value items c. We can perform cycle count for the entire organization or for a specific Sub-inventory inside that Organization {/slide} {slide=17.ABC Analysis}  It is a method of determining relative value of items in an Inventory  ABC analysis involves ranking of items according to a criteria and then grouping them into classes  ABC refers to the ranking you assign to the items as a result of this analysis like items with ranking ‘A’ are more valuable than the ‘B’ items and so on.{/slide} {slide=18.PHYSICAL INVENTORY} Physical Inventory is a periodic reconciliation of system On-Hand balances with Physical counts in Inventory. You can perform Physical inventory whenever you choose to verify the accuracy of your system On-Hand quantities This can be done for the entire Organization or for a specific Sub-Inventory{/slide} {slide=19.PHYSICAL INVENTORY TAG} A tag is a tool for recording the On-Hand quantities of a specific item at a particular location. Usually a tag is a slip of paper posted on the items location. Oracle can automatically generate tag numbers that we can use to enter Physical inventory counts. STEPS IN PHYSICAL INVENTORY 18 / 27 Oracle Apps Interview Questions Written by Sudhakar Mani Monday, 13 April 2009 09:03 a. Define your Physical Inventory b. Take snap-shots of On-Hand quantities c. Generate Tags d. Count Items e. Enter Counts f. Void Tags g. Approve Counts h. Run Adjustment program i. Purge Physical inventory {/slide} {slide=20.ORACLE ORGANIZATION} Set of Books -> Legal Entities -> Operating Units ->Inventory Organizations
Set of Books
 It is composed of a chart of accounts, a calendar and functional currencies
 Legal Entities that share the chart of accounts, accounting calendar and functional currency
can be accounted for the same set of books
 One set of books can contain one or more legal entities
Legal Entities
 It is a company for which by law you must prepare fiscal or tax report including a balance
sheet and a Profit and Loss report
 Legal entities comprise of one or more Operating Units
Operating Units
 Operating unit represents buying or selling units within an Organization
Inventory Organization
 It is a unit that has Inventory Transaction and Balances and possibly Manufactures and
Distributes products
{/slide}
{slide=21.What are the basic things that you should consider when you plan your Enterprise
Structure?}
a. Set of Books
You can tie a Set of Books to each Inventory Organization
b. Costing Methods
You can choose standard or average costing methods only at Organization level
c. Item Costs
Inventory keeps one cost per item per Inventory Organization
d. Movement between Sites
In-transit inventory can be used for Inter Organization transfers
e. Planning methods
 Re-Order point planning can be performed only at Organization level
 Min-Max planning can be performed both at Organization and Sub-Inventory
 Replenishment counting can be performed only at Sub-Inventory level.
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f. Forecasting
Inventory forecast item use at Organization level only
g. Accuracy analysis
Physical Inventory, Cycle count and ABC classification can be performed both at Organization
and Sub-Inventory level
Unit of Measurement (UOM)
 It is a term that must be used along with a numeric value to specify the quantity of an item
UOM class
 This is a group of unit of measure with similar characteristics. For example Weight can be a
UOM class with UOM such as gram, pound, ounce, kilogram etc
UOM conversion
 It is a mathematical relationship between two different Units of Measure
Organization Calendar is also known as Working Day Calendar
{/slide}
{slide=22.ITEM STATUSES AND ATTRIBUTES}
Status attributes or Item attributes enable key functionality for each item
An item status is defined by selecting the value check boxes for the status attributes
Both Status attributes and item attributes can be controlled at the Item level and Organizational
level
ITEM STATUS ATTRIBUTES
 STOCKABLE: The functional area is Oracle Inventory. You can stock the item in Inventory
 TRANSACTABLE: You can transact the Item in Inventory, OM, Purchasing and WIP.
 PURCHASEABLE: You can place an Item on PO
 BUILD IN WIP: You can manufacture the Item
 CUSTOMER ORDERS ENABLED: You can sell these Items
 INTERNAL ORDERS ENABLED: You can create an Internal Sales Order for the Item
 BOM ALLOWED: You can create a Bill of Material for this Item
 INVOICE ENABLED: You can create an Invoice for this Item
Status Attribute can have MASTER LEVEL control or ORGANIZATIONAL LEVEL control.
MASTER level control means an Item has Identical Attributes in all Organization that use it.
ORGANIZATIONAL level control means an attribute that you maintain at Organizational level
may have different values for an Item for different Organizations.
STEPS IN DEFINING ITEMS
1. Copy Template
2. Copy Items
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3. Enter Attribute Values
4. Enable in Child Organization
5. Update Organization level attributes
6. Define Item Cost
{/slide}
{slide=23.What are the different kinds of relationships that you can define for an Item?}
1. Item Cross-Reference
2. Substitute Items
3. Related Items
4. Manufacturer Part Number
5. Customer Item Numbers
Note: Items are always defined in the Master Organization and then enabled in as many child
organizations as you want.
{/slide}
{slide=24.DELETION CONSTRAINT}
These are specific business rules and custom checks to be done before Oracle Inventory allows
deletion to be done
CATEGORY & CATEGORY SETS
 Categories are logical grouping of items of similar characteristics
 A category set is a distinct category grouping scheme & consists of categories
Normally categories are used to group inventory items
You can also perform Min-Max or Re-Order point planning for a particular category of items
{/slide}
{slide=25.What are the different Inventory Controls available in Oracle?}
a. LOCATOR CONTROL
b. REVISION CONTROL
c. LOT CONTROL
d. SERIAL NUMBER CONTROL
MAIN TABLES USED FOR ITEMS
MTL_SYSTEM_ITEM_B
 Columns which end with ‘_ID’ is a number for Identification
 Columns which end with ‘_CODE’ contains meaningful information
In MSIB Inventory_Item_Id column contains Item_Id and Segment1 contains Item name
MTL_PARAMETERS is the Organization table (Org Name, Org Code, etc)
For UOM, MTL_UNIT_OF_MEASURE
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ORG_ID is the Operating unit id whereas ORGANIZATION_ID is the Inventory Organization Id
MTL_ITEM_CATEGORIES_B for Item Categories
MTL_CATEGORY_SETS is for category sets
IMPORTANT TABLES FOR PHYSICAL INVENTORY
 MTL_PHYSICAL INVENTORIES
 MTL_PHYSICAL_INVENTORY_TAGS
 MTL_PHYSICAL_ADJUSTMENTS
IMPORTANT TABLES FOR ITEM RESERVATION
 MTL_RESERVATIONS
 MTL_RESERVATIONS_INTERFACE
TABLE FOR MATERIAL TRANSACTION
 MTL_MATERIAL_TRANSACTIONS
TABLE FOR ITEM CROSS-REFERENCES
 MTL_CROSS_REFERENCES
TABLE FOR ITEM COST
 CST_ITEM_COST
 CST_ITEM_COST_DETAILS
 CST_ITEM_COST_INTERFACE
TABLE FOR ITEM INTERFACE
 MTL_SYSTEM_ITEMS_INTERFACE
 MTL_SYSTEM_ERRORS
{/slide}
{slide=26.INTERNAL SALES ORDER}
Internal Sales Order originates as requisitions in Oracle Purchasing. The process for Internal
Orders is as follows
 An Employee enters a Requisition for an Item
 The Requisition is sent for approval
 The Purchasing System issues an Internal Sales Order to OM
 Order management imports Internal Sales Order through Order Import Process
 OM creates a Pick release when the item is available in the warehouse
 If the requisitioner is at another location, OM handles packing and shipping to that site
 The Item is delivered
 OM handles the accounting for the release from the Inventory and Purchasing handles the
accounting for the issue to the requisitioner.
{/slide}
{slide=27.RETURN MATERIAL AUTHORIZATION}
The RMI flow basically reverses the Order Process. It includes getting the material back from
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the customer, putting it back into the stock and issuing the credit. There is also a corresponding
return to a customer transaction for getting the needed repair or replacement back to the
customer.
Oracle OM facilitates a link back to the original order through a reference source field on the
return form that ties to a sales order. Once the link is established all the relevant information
from the Original Order will be defaulted to the RMI. Returned receipts are handled by Inventory
Note: Returns are processed through Receiving forms.
Note: Setup and Testing have to ensure that RMI items are not taken as regular items.
{/slide}
{slide=28.What is Value set?}
A value set is a set of values, which restricts the valid values that can be entered. The value set
can be either numeric and alphanumeric.
It can be very sophisticated, incorporating SQL querying from several tables and able to
populate the database with one column.
{/slide}
{slide=29.What is a concurrent program?}
A concurrent program is an instance of an execution file along with parameter definations and
incompatibilities.
{/slide}
{slide=30.What is concurrent manager?}
Concurrent Managers are components of concurrent processing that monitor and run time
consuming, non iteractive tasks without tying up your terminal.
OR
These are controllers of background processing for Oracle Applications. The main function of
concurrent managers is to regulate and control process requests based upon a set of rules. It is
a technique used to execute non interactive, data dependent programs simultaneously in the
background.
Oracle Application comes with a predefined managers including
1. Internal Concurrent Manager ( ICM )
2. Standard Manager
3. Conflict Resolution Manager (CRM) and
4. Transaction Manager (TM)
Internal Concurrent Manager controls all the other concurrent managers that are operating
system process that poll for requests.
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We can also create concurrent managers to handle particular types of results or programs and
specialize them for our business requirement.
The manager that takes care of conflicts in concurrent Processing is Conflict Internal
Manager.{/slide}
{slide=31.What do you mean by document number?}
There are two types of documents.
MD 70: Functional Document
This is provided by the customer, and is provided by the Functional Personnel.
MD 50: Technical Document
This is done after the receipt of the MD 70 document. It contains all the technical know how as
to where the data should be inserted or should be retrieved from and the logic and also the no
and name of packages that will be used.
{/slide}
{slide=32.Types of Errors in Reports}
Some of the errors are defined below
1. There Exists uncompiled unit : When the report is not compiled before loading in the
Oracle Applications.
2. Report File not Found : When the rdf is not uploaded in proper directory
3. Width or margin is zero : When the repeating frame are not within proper frames
4. Not in proper group : When the repeating frame is not reffered to proper group
{/slide}
{slide=33.What is the difference between Compile and Incremental Compile?}
In compile all the PL/SQL within the reports are compiled but in incremental compile only the
changed PL/SQL units are compiled.
When compiling the report for the first time, we should do the full compilation and not the
Incremental compile.
{/slide}
{slide=34.API’s of Move Order}
 INV_MOVE_PUB.PROCESS_MOVE_ORDER
Used for move order creation
 INV_REPLENISH_DETAIL_PUB.LINE_DETAILS_PUB
Move Order Allocation
 INV_PICK_WAVE_PICK_CONFIRM_PUB.PICK_CONFIRM
Move Order or Sales Order confirm
 INV_RESERVATION_PUB.CREATE_RESERVATION
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Reservation Creation
 INV_RESERVATION_PUB.QUERY_RESERVATION
{/slide}
{slide=35.What are lexical Parameters?}
Lexical Parameters enable you to link your report to any other Oracle product.
For example: When you are calling a report from a certain form, you can use the run product
method and pass to it a parameter list, that has a parameter referring to a lexical parameter
used in the report.
{/slide}
{slide=36.System Parameters Used in Reports}
BACKGROUND Is whether the report should run in the foreground or the background.
COPIES Is the number of report copies that should be made when the report is printed.
CURRENCY Is the symbol for the currency indicator (e.g., "$").
DECIMAL Is the symbol for the decimal indicator (e.g., ".").
DESFORMAT Is the definition of the output device's format (e.g., landscape mode for a printer).
This parameter is used when running a report in a character-mode environment, and when
sending a bitmap report to a file (e.g. to create PDF or HTML output).
DESNAME Is the name of the output device (e.g., the file name, printer's name, mail userid).
DESTYPE Is the type of device to which to send the report output (screen, file, mail, printer, or
screen using PostScript format).
MODE Is whether the report should run in character mode or bitmap.
ORIENTATION Is the print direction for the report (landscape, portrait, default).
PRINTJOB Is whether the Print Job dialog box should appear before the report is run.
THOUSANDS Is the symbol for the thousand's indicator (e.g., ",").
DESNAME
DESTYPE
DESFORMAT
COPIES
{/slide}
{slide=37.OPTIMIZER}
The Oracle optimizer has two primary modes of operation
1. Cost Based (CHOOSE)
2. Rule Based (RULE){/slide}
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{slide=38.Cursor Attributes}
FOUND
NOTFOUND
ISOPEN
ROWCOUNT
{/slide}
{slide=39.What are views?}
Views are database objects whose contents are derived from another table.
A view contains no data of its own.
{/slide}
{slide=40.What are the PL/SQL data types?}
1. Scalar types
2. Composite types
3. LOB types
{/slide}
{slide=41.What is Varying array (varray) ?}
A varying array allows you to store repeating attributes of a record in a single row.
Process: First create a TYPE of VARRAY and then define in the table.
Step 1: Create or Replace TYPE TOOLS_VA as VARRAY(5) of varchar2(2);
Step 2: Create table BORROWER
(
Name varchar2(25),
Tools TOOLS_VA,
Constraint BORROWER_PK primary key (Name)
);{/slide}
{slide=42.What are collectors?}
Collectors are used to accurately represent relationships between datatypes in your database
objects.
Collectors such as varray allow you to repeat only those column values that change, potentially
saving storage space.
There are two types of collectors
1. Nested Tables
2. Varying Arrays
{/slide}
{slide=43.How do you compile Procedures and Packages?}
ALTER COMPILE;
{/slide}
{slide=44.Give one report customization that can be done.}
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On hand report customization
There was no item locator and I had to add it
Item Quantities
On hand balances
Item Locator {/slide}
{slide=45.Difference between Org_Id and Organization_Id?}
Org_Id : Operating Unit Id
Organization_Id : Inventory organization Id
{/slide}
{slide=46.Mapping Rule}
It is not necessary that values available in legacy system will be valid values in Oracle Apps. So
the rules to change legacy values to valid Oracle Apps values is called mapping rule.
{/slide}
{/tabs}
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